Are “none of them” and “not any of them” equivalent?

Yes, “none of them” and “not any of them” are equivalent in terms of meaning. GETAG, however, suggests using the phrase “none of them” in your writing. “None of them” is more concise and improves clarity. In today’s busy world, there is an advantage to being able to express yourself using as few words as possible.

Examples in published writing

Here are two examples of modern usage of “none of them” in writing:

Obama Faces Barrier in His Own Party on Syria

by Jeremy W. Peters, New York Times
September 4, 2013

“When he visited a grocery store on Wednesday, he said, almost a dozen people told him they thought intervening in Syria was a bad idea. None of them expressed support.”

The CIA just won’t hold itself accountable

by James Downie, Washington Post
January 15, 2015

“But now we learn that the agency’s internal panel has decided none of them should face discipline.”

Replacing the phrase “none of them” with the equivalent phrase “not any of them” would only make these sentences awkward. Therefore, avoid “not any of them” and use “none of them” whenever possible.

Whether or not any of them

The phrase “whether or not any of them” is commonly used in English. The expression is the combination of the two phrases, “whether or not” and “any of them“. The following example is from the New York Times.

A Saint, and an Inquiry Into the Sins of His Brothers

by Ian Austen, NY Times
October 29, 2010

By some accounts, 125,000 medical miracles have been attributed to Brother André. But Donald L. Boisvert, a professor of religion at Concordia University in Montreal, said that whether or not any of them actually occurred was almost beside the point.

Word Count: 285

Is Winter Olympics capitalized in a sentence?

How would you fix the following English-language sentence?

“I’m looking forward to purchasing tickets for the 2018 winter Olympics.”

  1. Place a comma after “tickets” to improve clarity.
  2. Capitalize the ‘W’ in winter.
  3. Lowercase the ‘O’ in Olympics.
  4. The sentence is grammatically correct.

Rules for Capitalizing Proper Nouns

Most of the time, the names of the seasons are not capitalized. Winter Olympics is, however, a proper noun. Proper nouns are the names of a specific person, place, or thing and are capitalized.

The correct answer is number two. Capitalize the ‘W’ in Winter Olympics.

  1. Place a comma after “tickets” to improve clarity.
  2. Capitalize the ‘W’ in winter.
  3. Lowercase the ‘O’ in Olympics.
  4. The sentence is grammatically correct.

Have a question?

Do you have a question about English grammar? Submit a question!



  • PONS: Die drei ??? – Arctic Adventure 2015-02-28
    Synopsis (Zusammenfassung): Snow and ice, bears and wolves and arctic storms – the “Nordic Wilderness Challenge” is one of the toughest dogsled races in the world. When the journalist Carol Ford asks the three detectives (Justus, Peter and Bob) if they would like to help her report on the race, they enthusiastically agree. ...
  • PONS: Die drei ??? – Black Madonna 2015-02-27
    A German/English mystery novel for second and third-year English students. When you purchase the PONS annotated the novel, Die Drei ??? – Black Madonna, you get the 128-page, paperback novel, an audio book, and an Ebook for your mobile device. Everything you need to have fun while improving your English vocabulary. Synopsis (Zusammenfassung): When ...